By Guest Contributor Dr. Anne Snyder, McGraw-Hill Education
As schools have shuttered and emergency homeschooling has become the new norm, families and teachers alike are working together to ensure that learning continues, albeit in new ways. The restrictions introduced by the COVID-19 safety precautions have understandably created challenges for families and educators alike. Despite this, learning can still happen.
One particular form of learning has garnered special attention: social and emotional learning (SEL). The skills and competencies involved in SEL are proving especially critical for young learners right now, as children are pressed to rapidly adjust to the sudden transition in learning environments and structures, often without clear direction–or an end in sight. Learning to manage learning, time and space, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors has never been more pressing.
Even when schools are shuttered, the adults in these young learners’ lives — whether they are professionally trained teachers or newly minted homeschool teacher-caregivers — can support students in learning these skills. Moreover, this support doesn’t have to add yet another overwhelming task to the to-do list, since SEL instruction can easily be folded into what is already happening during the day. Below are four examples of social, emotional, and behavioral skillsets that can be developed no matter where or when learning is taking place:
Patience – While it is true that some people are more naturally patient than others, practicing patience can be difficult at times for everyone. Fortunately, patience is in fact a skill that can be taught, just like addition or reading comprehension or cooking or hitting a baseball.
- Simple exercises such as setting timers for engaging in work tasks (e.g. 5 minutes of focusing on reading a book) and playing waiting games (“I Spy” or “Rock, Paper, Scissors”) can help learners develop patience.
- Children also learn by observing as adults model patience themselves and explain how they do so (e.g. “I’m feeling impatient to see everybody, but I’m taking a deep breath and writing a list of all the fun things I can do while I wait until it’s safe to see our friends again”).
Productive Struggle – Productive struggle is a term that has emerged in education to describe and define the processes involved in allowing learners to independently grapple with challenging problems. In short, productive struggle involves learners persisting in the face of discomfort, confusion, or frustration, seeking help only at the point when it becomes necessary. The key here is for adults to provide learners with the time and space needed to really dive deep into a concept – even when their instinct may be to provide immediate help and feedback. Families and caregivers can support productive struggle in any subject area or learning task.
- When reading together, adults can wait to read aloud an unknown word for a child until the child has had a chance to try sounding it out herself.
- When a child has a question about a math problem and seeks help, adults can provide strategies for finding new information, re-reading the problem, and thinking about the problem in new ways – before simply showing the child the solution.
Goal Setting – As school has transitioned to the home environment, and as everyone must continue to stay safely at home, it can be tempting for both adults and children to stop setting and working toward goals. However, a great many research studies have demonstrated that the act of setting and working toward manageable objectives with defined parameters (e.g. completing a certain number of problems or for a certain amount of time) serves to significantly increase motivation, emotional well-being, and overall learning.
- Small, measurable, and achievable academic goals can be established at set time each day, such as reading three books, completing a writing prompt, or trying one home science experiment.
- Home-related task goals, such as helping fold a load of laundry or cooking and serving a meal, can help learners master the skills involved in goal setting.
Empathy – Like other disasters throughout history, the COVID-19 crisis has brought out the very best of humanity. Teachers, medical professionals, essential workers, and everyday heroes are working tirelessly to help others. Empathy – the ability to acknowledge, envision, and share in the experiences of others – is at the heart of every one of these efforts. There are countless opportunities and methods to promote empathy throughout the day, even (especially!) during a crisis.
- Encourage children to record music or storytelling for others to enjoy, send virtual pen pal messages to other children under quarantine, help sew facemasks to help prevent spread of the virus, or create art on your driveway, sidewalk, or window to cheer or inspire neighbors. Each of these activities helps develop a sense of empathy for others.
As the COVID-19 crisis continues to unfold, it will be important for all adult stakeholders to work together to continue to support children’s learning from home. By including a focus on SEL (and by practicing and modeling these skills ourselves) we can help ensure that we help the next generation continue to learn and grow, even in our most challenging of times.